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References for stress management with MS

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  • Arroll MA, Howard AA preliminary prospective study of nutritional, psychological and combined therapies for myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) in a private care setting, BMJ Open 2012;2:e001079. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001079
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  • Bartlett L, Buscot MJ, Bindoff A, Chambers R, Hassed C. Mindfulness Is Associated With Lower Stress and Higher Work Engagement in a Large Sample of MOOC Participants. Front Psychol. 2021 Sep 10;12:724126. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.724126. PMID: 34566805; PMCID: PMC8461060.
  • Burns MN, Nawacki E, Kwasny MJ, Pelletier D, Mohr DC. Do positive or negative stressful events predict the development of new brain lesions in people with multiple sclerosis? Psychol Med. 2014 Jan;44(2):349-59. doi: 10.1017/S0033291713000755. Epub 2013 May 17. PMID: 23680407; PMCID: PMC4123859.
  • Cavalera C, Rovaris M, Mendozzi L, et al. Online meditation training for people with multiple sclerosis: A randomized controlled trial. Multiple Sclerosis Journal. 2019;25(4):610-617. doi:1177/1352458518761187
  • Cigna, Asia Care Group, Chronic stress: are we reaching health system burn out?, 2019: Cigna accessed via
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  • Furuyashiki T, Kitaoka S, Neural mechanisms underlying adaptive and maladaptive consequences of stress: Roles of dopaminergic and inflammatory responses, PCN, 19 June 2019
  • Giovannoni G, Pepper G, Sloan R, et al124  Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder are common after being diagnosed with multiple sclerosis Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry 2022;93:A139-A140.
  • Greeson JM, Chin GR. Mindfulness and physical disease: a concise review. Curr Opin Psychol. 2019 Aug;28:204-210. doi: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.12.014. Epub 2018 Dec 27. PMID: 30785067; PMCID: PMC6597336.
  • Gotink RA, Meijboom R, Vernooij MW, Smits M, Hunink MG. 8-week Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction induces brain changes similar to traditional long-term meditation practice – A systematic review. Brain Cogn. 2016 Oct;108:32-41. doi: 10.1016/j.bandc.2016.07.001. Epub 2016 Jul 16. PMID: 27429096.
  • Goyal M, Singh S, Sibinga EM, Gould NF, Rowland-Seymour A, Sharma R, Berger Z, Sleicher D, Maron DD, Shihab HM, Ranasinghe PD, Linn S, Saha S, Bass EB, Haythornthwaite JA. Meditation programs for psychological stress and well-being: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Mar;174(3):357-68. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.13018. PMID: 24395196; PMCID: PMC4142584.
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  • Kabat-Zinn J, Mindfulness-Based Interventions in Context: Past, Present, and Future, American Psychological Association D12, 2003, DOI: 10.1093/clipsy/bpg016 accessed via
  • Kaimal G, Ray K & Muniz J, ‘Reduction of Cortisol Levels and Participants’ Responses Following Art Making’ Journal of the American Art Therapy Association, Volume 33, 2016 – Issue 2, 23 May 2016
  • Konstantinou, P., Ioannou, M., Melanthiou, D., Georgiou, K., Almas, I., Gloster, A.T., Kassianos, A.P., & Karekla, M. (2023). The impact of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on quality of life and symptom improvement among chronic health conditions: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 29, 240-253.
  • Maté G, When the Body Says No: The Cost of Hidden Stress, 2019, Vermillion, ISBN: 978-1785042225
  • Morató L & Sandi C, Chapter 9 – Mitochondrial function and stress resilience, Stress Resilience: Molecular and Behavioral Aspects, Academic Press 2020, Pages 119-132,
  • O’Connor DB, Thayer JF, Vedhara K. Stress and Health: A Review of Psychobiological Processes. Annu Rev Psychol. 2021 Jan 4;72:663-688. doi: 10.1146/annurev-psych-062520-122331. Epub 2020 Sep 4. PMID: 32886587
  • National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM); Health and Medicine Division; Board on Health Sciences Policy; Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders; Posey Norris SM, Childers E, Bain L, editors. Exploring Sleep Disturbance in Central Nervous System Disorders: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2023 Apr 13. 4, Sleep Disorders and Disruption in Central Nervous System Disorders. Available from:
  • Naviaux RK. Perspective: Cell danger response Biology-The new science that connects environmental health with mitochondria and the rising tide of chronic illness. Mitochondrion. 2020 Mar;51:40-45. doi: 10.1016/j.mito.2019.12.005. Epub 2019 Dec 23. PMID: 31877376.
  • Peel C, Disease-modifying lifestyle in multiple sclerosis: evidence, challenges, and the importance of engaged, informed patients, British Journal of Neuroscience Nursing · Apr 8, 2023
  • Pintér A, Cseh D, Sárközi A, Illigens BM, Siepmann T. Autonomic Dysregulation in Multiple Sclerosis. Int J Mol Sci. 2015 Jul 24;16(8):16920-52. doi: 10.3390/ijms160816920. PMID: 26213927; PMCID: PMC4581177.
  • Polick CS, Ploutz-Snyder R, Braley TJ, Connell CM, Stoddard SA. Associations among stressors across the lifespan, disability, and relapses in adults with multiple sclerosis. Brain Behav. 2023 Jul;13(7):e3073. doi: 10.1002/brb3.3073. Epub 2023 May 21. PMID: 37211908; PMCID: PMC10338783
  • Puterman E, Lin J, Blackburn E, O’Donavan A, Adler N, Epel E, ‘The Power of Exercise: Buffering the Effect of Chronic Stress on Telomere Length’ Plos One, May 26, 2010,
  • Pust GEA, Randerath J, Goetzmann L, Weierstall R, Korzinski M, Gold SM, Dettmers C, Ruettner B, Schmidt R. Association of Fatigue Severity With Maladaptive Coping in Multiple Sclerosis: A Data-Driven Psychodynamic Perspective. Front Neurol. 2021 Apr 7;12:652177. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2021.652177. PMID: 33897606; PMCID: PMC8058358.
  • Rod K. Observing the Effects of Mindfulness-Based Meditation on Anxiety and Depression in Chronic Pain Patients. Psychiatr Danub. 2015 Sep;27 Suppl 1:S209-11. PMID: 26417764.
  • Rosenkranz MA, Davidson RJ, Maccoon DG, Sheridan JF, Kalin NH, Lutz A. A comparison of mindfulness-based stress reduction and an active control in modulation of neurogenic inflammation. Brain Behav Immun. 2013 Jan;27(1):174-84. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2012.10.013. Epub 2012 Oct 22. PMID: 23092711; PMCID: PMC3518553.
  • Sadeghi-Bahmani D, Esmaeili L, Mokhtari F, Sadeghi Bahmani L, Afsharzadeh M, Shaygannejad V, Mirmosayyeb O, Goldstein-Piekarski AN, Gross JJ. Effects of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on symptoms and emotional competencies in individuals with multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2022 Nov;67:104029. doi: 10.1016/j.msard.2022.104029. Epub 2022 Jul 6. PMID: 35940019.
  • Salleh MR. Life event, stress and illness. Malays J Med Sci. 2008 Oct;15(4):9-18. PMID: 22589633; PMCID: PMC3341916.
  • Sharon-David H, Tenenbaum D, ‘The Effectiveness of Exercise Interventions on Coping with Stress: Research Synthesis’, Studies in Sport Humanities 22:19-29; December 2017 DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0012.6520
  • Waxenbaum JA, Reddy V, Varacallo M. Anatomy, Autonomic Nervous System. [Updated 2023 Jul 24]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2024 Jan-. Available from:
  • Weygandt M, Meyer-Arndt L, Behrens JR, Wakonig K, Bellmann-Strobl J, Ritter K, Scheel M, Brandt AU, Labadie C, Hetzer S, Gold SM, Paul F, Haynes JD. Stress-induced brain activity, brain atrophy, and clinical disability in multiple sclerosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Nov 22;113(47):13444-13449. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1605829113.
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  • Wood E, Hall KH, Tate W. Role of mitochondria, oxidative stress and the response to antioxidants in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome: A possible approach to SARS-CoV-2 ‘long-haulers’? Chronic Dis Transl Med. 2021 Mar;7(1):14-26. doi: 10.1016/j.cdtm.2020.11.002. Epub 2020 Nov 21. PMID: 33251031; PMCID: PMC7680046.
  • van der Kolk B, The Body Keeps the Score: Brain, Mind, and Body in the Healing of Trauma. 2015. Penguin Books. 464 p. ISBN: 978-0143127741
  • Zaccaro A, Piarulli A, Laurino M, Garbella E, Menicucci D, Neri B, Gemignani A. How Breath-Control Can Change Your Life: A Systematic Review on Psycho-Physiological Correlates of Slow Breathing. Front Hum Neurosci. 2018 Sep 7;12:353. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2018.00353. PMID: 30245619; PMCID: PMC6137615.